George Key
Elizabeth
Legend


n.   birth year
n.l: birth location
c:  christening date
c.l: christening location
m: marriage date
m.l: marriage location
ce: census details
d:  death year
d.l: death location
b: where buried
Elizabeth Durham
George Key
William Key
Josiah Key
Mary White
unknown
unknown
unknown
<Keziah Grant
John Key
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Mary
George Key
Keziah Grant
married
  1829
Sarah Key
married

John Truss
William Key
married

Mary Gascoigne
John Key
married

Harriet Calcott
Elizabeth Key
Elizabeth Key
George Key
married

Ann Taylor
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Click to follow William & Mary's family
Click to follow John & Harriet's family
Click to follow George & Ann's family
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married

John Truss
Sarah Key
Sarah Ann Truss
William Truss
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William Key
married

Mary Gascoigne
William Kaye
Mary Ann Kaye*
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John Key
married

Harriet Calcott
George Key
Marianne Key
William John Key
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George Key
married

Ann Taylor
John Key
Emma Gardner
married

George Key
William Key
married

Jane Lines
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William Key
married
1775
Elizabeth Durham
Richard & Mary Key
Sarah Key
married

Michael Hawkes
Hannah Key
Hebe Key
Josiah Key
Thomas Key
married

married

Catherine
Ann Jerry
Keziah Grant
married

George Key
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Click to follow Josiah & Catherine's family
Josiah Key
married

Catherine
George Key
Sarah Key
married

George Castle
Hannah Key
Elizabeth Key
William Key
married

Sarah
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Click to follow Thomas & Ann's family
Thomas Key
married

Ann Jerry
William Key
Hannah Key
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William Key
married

Jane Lines
William Harold Key
married

Annie Nelder Bolton
George Key
married

Evelyn Lillian Gardner
Dorthy Ada Key
married

Cyril Messenger
Percy Goodenough
married

Phyllis Ann Key
Norman Jacob Key
Archie Bertram Key
Dorthy
married

Arthur Norman Key
Maurice Joseph Key
married

Constance Minnie Upton
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Click to see William & Jane's family
Maurice John Key
David George Key
????????? Key
Click to follow William & Annie's family
Click to follow George & Evelyn's family
William Harold Key
married

Annie Nelder Bolton
Brian George Key
Ian  Harold Key
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George Key
married

Evelyn Lillian Gardner
Eric George Key
married

Sylvia Joan Speed
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Click to follow William & sarah's family
William Key
married

Sarah
George Key
William Key
Josiah Key
John Key
Thomas Key
Walter Key
plus others?
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William Key
Sarah
Josiah Key
married

Mary White
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Richard Key
married

Ann Southam
Thomas Key
John Key
married

Hannah Hickson
William Key
married

Elizabeth Durham
Click to see John & Hannah's family
John Key
married

Hannah Hickson
John Key
married

Silena
married

married

Sarah Gascoigne
Ann Beesley
Elizabeth Key
Harriet Key
Hannah Key
? Key
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George Key
married

Mary
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married

Elizabeth
Jane Key
Josiah Key
married

Mary  White
John Key
Job Key
Margret Key
George Key
Sarah Key
William Key
married

Elizabeth Mould
1652:

War with Netherlands (to 1654) 1655:
Jamaica captured from Spain
1656:
war with Spain (to 1659)
1665:
War with Netherlands (to 1667)
1672:
At war with Netherlands (to 1674).
Roman Catholics excluded from public offices
1685:
James II dies.
Monmouth rebellion.
soldiers pay 12.6 pounds/yr
1689:
war with France (to 1714)
1690:
crime at its peak due to poverty, death penaly for crimes such as a seamstress stealing a bobbin of thread.
1694:
British Army is 90,000 strong & navy has 207 man-o-war.
1698:
Steam engine first developed.
1700:
Turnip starts to be grown instead of leaving ground fallow, therefore cattle have feed for winter, so not slaughtered, so more milk, more butter.
1701:
Tull invents seed drill, increases productivity.
1702:
Queen Anne accedes.
1704:
Duke of Marlborough winns Battle of Blenheim.  Rewarded with land & built Blenheim Palace.
1707:
formation of the United Kingdom.
Scotland joins union.
1711:
South Seas Co formed with monopoly to supply Spanish colonies with goods. See 1720
1712:
steam engines used to pump water from coal mines
1713:
Spain cedes Gibralter to Britain.
England gets licence to sell slaves to Spanish colonies.
1714:
Landholders compelled to take an oat of allegiance to The Protestant Church and renounce Catholism.
Queen Anne dies, she had 17 pregnancies, none survived.
George I crowned.. lived in Hanover & could not speak English.
1715:
Jacobite rebellion.
Riot Act, if 12 or more people assemble & fail to disperse it is a felony. felons are either hung or branded on thumb.
1719:
Transportation Act, felons sent to the colonies for 7 or 14 years.
1720:
South Sea Co shares go ballistic, then collapse.. The South Seas bubble.
1727:
George II came to throne.
At war with austria and spain.
1732:
Downing Street becomes official residence of Prime Minister
1739:
John Wesley preaches the principles of Methodism at Avon St Bristol.
1743:
Britain has 40,000 troops in Europe.
1745:
Bonnie Prince Charlie  lands in Britain.
1746:
Battle of Culloden.
1749:
Charles Wesley of Bristol wrote: "Love devine all loves excelling" & "Hark the herald angels sing"
1750:
Sir Henry Fielding, author, started the Bow Street Runners, the first police force, but only in London.
1751:
George III crowned Prince of Wales.
Last year of the old calender, New Years day was modern March 25.
tax on gin, the drink of the masses.
farm labourer earns 5 pounds + board & lodging.
1752:
Ben Franklin proves lightning is electricity by flying a kite.
Gregorian calender accepted. date jumped from Sept 2nd to Sept 14th.
1753:
First time that New Years Day fell on January 1st
Jews to be allowed be British citizens
decision to establish a British Museum.
1754:
Marriage Act: marriage must take place in parish of residence.
George II founded Columbia University in Manhatten.
1755:
7 year war starts in Europe.
Earthquake in Lisbon  causes Tsunami 90,000 dead.
Eddystone lighthouse destroyed by fire.
A mayor earns 15 pounds yr
baker earns 5 pounds year.
1756:
First St Patricks Day parade in New York.
Seven year war with France begins.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born.
1757:
Black hole of Calcutta. Calcutta captured.
Admiral John Byng executed by firing squad aboard HMS Monarch for breach of articles of war.
Battle of Plessey when 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeated 50,000 Indians.
1758:
Batlles this year include: Bay of Bengal (twice) , Nova Scotia, New York, Indian coast.
Halley Comet returns.
1759:
British victories at Fort Triconderosa New York and Niagara Quebec & Battle of Quiberon Bay.
1760:
first commercial canal opens in britain.
Death of George II.
George III to throne.
1761:
British capture Pondicherry.
2 earthquaqes in London.
riots are commonplace as workers do not have the right to vote or form a union.
1762:
France surrenders Canada to britain.
Britain declares war on Spain.
Britain takes Havana Cuba.
British East India Co take Manila.
1763:
War with France and American Indians ends.
Treaty of Paris ends 7 year war.
Indian chief Pontiac challenges the British at Mackinaw City to a game of lacrosse, during game the Indians hit the ball into the fort, chased after it and locked the British out of their fort. Recaptured two months later at Battle of Bushy Run.
1764:
considered start of The Industrial Revolution.
John Wilkes expelled from House of Commons for sedicious libel.
1765:
Stamp Act intorduced, direct tax on American colonies to be paid to Britain to cover the cost of war in America.
Isle of Man incorporated into United Kingdom.
curate earns 40 pounds per year.
head gardener 38 pounds + Lodging.
1766:
Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes the Stuart claimant to the  British throne.
Stamp Act repealed due to reaction from America.
1767:
Daniel Boone explores the Cumberland Gap & reaches Kentucky.
First whalers reach Antartic.
1768:
First purchase tax introduced on common products.
John Wilkes imprisoned for critism of king.
1769:
famine in Bengal kills 10 million people. British East India Co insist their production levels must not fall.
Captain Cook on HMS Endeavour arrives Tahiti.
lightning hits church in Italy causing fire which reaches 200,000 lb gunpowder store and blew up 1/6 city of Brescia, as a result the Roman Catholic Church reversed its objection to lightning rods.
1770:
Boston Massacre-5 Americans killed by British Troops, event hastened War of Independance.
14yr old Marie Antoinette married 15 yr old Louis, later Louis XIV, fireworks at wedding caused fire killing 800.
Captain Cook claims East coast of New Holland (Australia).
1771:
Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain.
first water-wheel powered textile mill.
labourer earns 3.5 pounds year
apprentice baker 5 new pence\week.
1772:
servant earns 6.3 pounds\year
1773:
Captain Cook first to cross the Antartic circle.
British East India Co given monopoly of tea trade with American colonies.
experiments using chlorine as a disinfectant.
1774:
The Quartering Act states that American colonists must open their homes to British soldiers.
The first year that "Liberty" appers on american flag.
1775:
Parliament declares Massachusetts to be in rebellion, govenor ordered to quell with an iron hand.
Revolutionary war starts, "the shots heard around the World", george Washington appointed commander in chief of Continental Army.
Execution in Germany for witchcraft.
1776:
American declaration of  Independance on July 4th.
British troops lave Boston
1777:
44% of children in Britain died before their 5th birthday.
Washington defeats Cornwallis at Battle of Princeton.
Stars & Stripes adopted.
1778:
Captain Cook reaches Hawaii names them Sandwich Islands.
France recognises American independance and declares war on Britain.
France opens first state controlled brothel.
three day riot in London
1779:
First all Iron Bridge built over River Severn in Shropshire.
1780:
First Sunday newspaper: British Gazette & Sunday Monitor
First Epsom Derby.
1781:
Pitt the younger enters Parliament
planet Uranus discovered by Herschel.
Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown ending the armed struggle of American Rev War.
1782:
Spain takes Minorca from Britain.
preliminary peace accord reached in Paris for American Independance.
British loyalists forced to leave America, some go to Bahamas.
Treaty of Versaille ends war with France.
1784:
John Wesley charters The Methodist Church.
Ben Franklin invents bifocals
1785:
First edition of Daily Universal Register later changed to The
Times.

steam engine powered looms caused boom in textile industry.
1786:
first convict ship leaves for Botany Bay with 820 convicts
1787:
11 convict ships leave for Australia.
1788:
Colonisation of New South Wales and Australia.
1789:
Start of the French Revolution
1790:
First purpose built lifeboat launched River Tyne.
First Methodist chapel opened in Bristol.
1791:
THe "Observer" first published
1792: start of French Revolution. Louis XIV in custody.
1793:
Louis XIV executed by guillotine, followed by Marie Antoinette
War with France. 10,000 british soldiers in Flanders.
1794:
cotton gin patented.
Nelson loses an eye at Calvi Corsica.
Britain declares war on France.
1796:
carpenter/bricklayer earns 7 new pence per day.
farm labourer earns 5 new pence per day + drink
mower @ harvest-time 7.5 pence per day + drink.
women @ harvest-time 2 pence per day+ drink
1798:
hoeing earns 30 new pence per acre.
head farm hand 10 pounds\ year.second farmhand 7 pounds \yr
1800:
dairymaid earns 3-5 pounds\yr
1801:
20% popultaion live in town (see 1851)
1802:
factory act: apprentices max 12 hrs \day  6 days\week
1803:
Napolean planning to invade England.
1804:
Sargeant in volunteers 7.5 pence\day
1805:
Battle of Trafalgar won by British but Lord Nelson killed.
1806:
1807:
1808:
British troops attack French in Portugal
1809:
British troops attack french in antwerp
1810:
coachman earns 15 pounds \yr + lodgings
1811:
Riots. workers smash machines  which they believe cause unemployment.
1812:
French driven out of Spain, Portugal & Germany.
War of 1812, america at war with England & Canada.
In cotton mills 8% of workforce were UNDER  11 yrs old. 30% were aged 11 to 16.
Prime Minister assassinated.
1814:
British burn Washington DC.
depression due to cost of wars in Europe and America
1815:
Napolean defeated at Waterloo and sent to St Helena.
Corn Laws introduced with very severe effect on the poor.
1817:
labourer earns 8 pounds\yr + Board & lodging
1820: 
GeorgeIV crowned.
53% of children died before their 5th birthday.
Cato St Conspiracy plan to kill parliamentary cabinet. All conspirators hanged.
1822:
Over 200 offences carry death penalty.
1825:
9000 a year emigrating to America.
400 a year emigrating to Australia.
1826:
school master earns 100 pounds\yr
1828:
Catholics allowed to hold office incl MP
Stockton to Darlington railway opens.
1829:
Robert Peel starts police force.  "peelers" & "bobbies"
1830:
William IV crowned
factory wages:
under 11 yrs ......2s 3p per week
11-16.................4s 1p per week
17-21.................10s 2p per week
32-36  (max)......22s 8p per week
32-36 (women)....9s  8p  per week
Reform Act, until now towns like Birmingham & Manchester dont have any MPs.
1831:
Farm riots workers smash machines, 4 hanged, 50 transported.
1832:
cholera outbreaks due to streets not paved, overcrowding, overflowing cess pits draing into water wells.
1833:
Factory Act: defined the working day as 5.30am to 8.30pm with 9-13 yr olds max 9 hrs\day and no nights. 13-18 max 12 hrs\day less 1.5 hrs breaks. Same for females
1834:
Six Dorset farm labourers sentanced to be transported to a penal colony for trying to form a trade union.. The Tolpuddle Martyers.
Slavery abolished.
Poor Law Amendment Act passed: No able bodied British man can receive assistance unless he enters a workhouse.
British east India Company loses its monopoly to trade with China.
patent for Handsome Cab.
patent for sandpaper.
Gottlieb Daimler born.
1835:
Charles Darwin arrive in Galapogas Islands on HMS Beagle
First commercial railway in Europe opens  in Belgium.
Municipal Corporation Act introduced the idea of a national police force.
1836:
Charles Darwin arrives Falmouth.
Bristol Riots, large crowds protest the defeat of the reform act, over 100 houses burnt, including the Bishops Castle, Customs House,, Mansion House and release prisoners. Dragoons quell riots and 100s die.
A bristol Police force started.
1837:
Rowland Hill heads a commission investigating the idea of puuting a bit of paper on letters to indicate postage has been paid.
death of King William IV.
Queen Victoria crowned.
1838:
Samuel Morse demonstrates electric telegraph.
Start of British- Afghan war
Start of steamship atlantic service.
1839:
First commercial electric telegraph system between West Drayton & Paddington.
British East India Company capture Aden.
mason earns 75-80 new pence\week
blacksmith/carpenter/plasterer earns 75 pence per week
1840:
Penny post introduced , teh penny black.
Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.
RMS "Brittania" a Cunard paddlesteamer starts service from Liverpool to Nova Scocia.
Britain invades Beirut.
Third of Irish population depend on the potato for their survival.
1841:
British troops invade & annexe Hong Kong.
first British census on 7th June
1842:
patent for sewing machine.
First serious train crash in Paris, 59 dead.
min age in a mine now 10
1843:
SS Great Britain launched in Bristol.
First tunnel under The Thames.
Charles Dickens publishes Christmas Carol.
1844:
YMCA formed in London.
Fleet prison for debtors abolished.
safety match invented.
Factory Act: age 8-13 max 6.5 hrs/day.  13+ max 12hrs\day for 5 days + 9 hrs saturday.
1845:
Third of Irish potato crop destroyed by blight.
1846:
Potato blight in Ireland ruins 2/3 of crop causing famine
1847:
Factory Act.  max 63 hrs\week
1848:
Factory Act.. max 58 hrs\week
5,000 miles of railway track.
Public Health Act. towns able to demand all new houses have drains & lavatories & provide refuse collection.
1849:
250,000 a year emigrating to America. 19000 a year  emigrating to Australia.
cost of passage to America  from 3 pounds 10 shillings to 5 pounds.
Ships provided 1 lb flour, 5lb oatmeal, 2lb rice, 2oz tea, 1/2 lb sugar, 1/2lb mollases per passenger for entire voyage
1851:
Second British census on 30th
march
50% of population live in towns.
1853:
Sir Richard Burton disguises as a muslim & visits Mecca. First known christian to do so.
1854:
Start of Crimean War
1855:
David Livingstone discovers & names Victoria Falls.  "Smoke that Thunders"
80% of American emigrants are from Ireland.
estimated that over 1 million pounds is sent each year from emigrants to their UK families.
1856:
Law passed that all counties must establish a police force. Sir Robert Peel origin of the terms peelers and bobbies.
1860:
sewers being installed to remove waste.
1861:
Third british census on 8th April
1881:
Fourth British census
1867:
most workers in towns given vote.
1870:
Piped water to homes.
1871:
Bank Holidays, skilled workers to get 1 weeks paid vacation per year.
Trade Unions now legal
1872:
voting made secret.
1877:
Victoria crowned Empress of India.
1885:
schoolmaster earns 180 pounds/year
1889:
London dock strike for 6 pence per hour.  (2.5 modern pence/hr)
1890:
stitching gloves at home 25 pence / dozen pair.
1891:
minimum working age raised from 10 to 11
Fifth British census
1900:
farm worker74 pence/week
1901:
Queen Victoria Dies



      Events of the Time

Where currency is quoted the old guinea, pounds, shillings and pence have been converted to modern decimal pounds.

The Kaye Family

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Name index for this page. Section 1 for last names. Section 2 for Kaye's (Key's) by first name
Name index for this page. Section 1 for last names. Section 2 for Kaye's (Key's) by first name
A

C Calcott, Castle,

E

G Grant, Gascoigne, Gardener, Gardner, Goodenough,

I

K

M Messenger, Mould,

O

Q

S Sabin, Southam,

U Upton,

W White,

Y
A Archie (1900?), Arthur (1919),

C Clara 1880,

E Elizabeth (1832), Elizabeth (1834), Elizabeth (1819), Eric (living), elizabeth (1789),

G George (1700), George (1785), George (1836), George (1853), George (1870?),
  George (1810), George (1904), George (1850), George (1721),

I Ian (living),



K

M Mary A (1857), Marianne (1869), Mary (1873), Maurice (1920), Maurice (living),
  Margret (1719),

O

Q

S Sarah (1821),  Sarah (1877), Sarah (1813),  Sylvia (living), Sarah (1722),

U

W William (1747), William (1834), william (1854), William J (1862), William (1876),
   William (1822), William (1813), William H (1903), William (1852), Walter (1859),
    William (1747), William (1723),
Y
B Bolton, Beesley,

D Durham,

F

H Hawkes, Hickson,

J Jerry,

L Lines,

N

P

R

T Truss, Taylor,

V

X

Z
B Brian (living),

D Dorothy (1906)David G (living),

F

H Hannah (1779), Hebe (1781), Hannah (1817),
            Hannah (1815), Harriet (1822), Hannah(1824),


J Josiah (1713), John (1827), John (1870), Josiah (1783),Josiah (1853), John (1855), John (1749), John (1786),
  Jane (1699),  Josiah (1710), John (1715), Job (1717),
L

N Norman (1910),


P Phyllis (1910),

R Richard (1872), Richard (1736),

T Thomas (1783), Thomas (1857), Thomas (1741),

V

X

Z
William Sabin
married

Ann
Daniel Sabin 1845
Joseph Sabin 1847
Walter Sabin 1852
Eliza Ellen Sabin 1853
Clara Sabin 1855
Hannah Sabin 1863
married

Clara A Kaye
William Sabin was a Mill owner and William Kaye snr owned a threshing machine so they will have worked together and that is probably how Clara and William 1854 met.
* Joseph Baughen's will probated 20 Mar 1886,
He left 10 pounds to Mary Ann plus 15 to Wm junior and 10 to Wm senior. Wm Jr listed as nephew
John Grant
Anne James