Legend


n.   birth year
n.l: birth location
c:  christening date
c.l: christening location
m: marriage date
m.l: marriage location
ce: census details
d:  death year
d.l: death location
b: where buried
Ann Skelton
Joseph Pool
John Pool
Laura Maud
Mary Richards
John Richards
Mary
Alice Mary Pool
1652:

War with Netherlands (to 1654) 1655:
Jamaica captured from Spain
1656:
war with Spain (to 1659)
1665:
War with Netherlands (to 1667)
1672:
At war with Netherlands (to 1674).
Roman Catholics excluded from public offices
1685:
James II dies.
Monmouth rebellion.
soldiers pay 12.6 pounds/yr
1689:
war with France (to 1714)
1690:
crime at its peak due to poverty, death penaly for crimes such as a seamstress stealing a bobbin of thread.
1694:
British Army is 90,000 strong & navy has 207 man-o-war.
1698:
Steam engine first developed.
1700:
Turnip starts to be grown instead of leaving ground fallow, therefore cattle have feed for winter, so not slaughtered, so more milk, more butter.
1701:
Tull invents seed drill, increases productivity.
1702:
Queen Anne accedes.
1704:
Duke of Marlborough winns Battle of Blenheim.  Rewarded with land & built Blenheim Palace.
1707:
formation of the United Kingdom.
Scotland joins union.
1711:
South Seas Co formed with monopoly to supply Spanish colonies with goods. See 1720
1712:
steam engines used to pump water from coal mines
1713:
Spain cedes Gibralter to Britain.
England gets licence to sell slaves to Spanish colonies.
1714:
Landholders compelled to take an oat of allegiance to The Protestant Church and renounce Catholism.
Queen Anne dies, she had 17 pregnancies, none survived.
George I crowned.. lived in Hanover & could not speak English.
1715:
Jacobite rebellion.
Riot Act, if 12 or more people assemble & fail to disperse it is a felony. felons are either hung or branded on thumb.
1719:
Transportation Act, felons sent to the colonies for 7 or 14 years.
1720:
South Sea Co shares go ballistic, then collapse.. The South Seas bubble.
1727:
George II came to throne.
At war with austria and spain.
1732:
Downing Street becomes official residence of Prime Minister
1739:
John Wesley preaches the principles of Methodism at Avon St Bristol.
1743:
Britain has 40,000 troops in Europe.
1745:
Bonnie Prince Charlie  lands in Britain.
1746:
Battle of Culloden.
1749:
Charles Wesley of Bristol wrote: "Love devine all loves excelling" & "Hark the herald angels sing"
1750:
Sir Henry Fielding, author, started the Bow Street Runners, the first police force, but only in London.
1751:
George III crowned Prince of Wales.
Last year of the old calender, New Years day was modern March 25.
tax on gin, the drink of the masses.
farm labourer earns 5 pounds + board & lodging.
1752:
Ben Franklin proves lightning is electricity by flying a kite.
Gregorian calender accepted. date jumped from Sept 2nd to Sept 14th.
1753:
First time that New Years Day fell on January 1st
Jews to be allowed be British citizens
decision to establish a British Museum.
1754:
Marriage Act: marriage must take place in parish of residence.
George II founded Columbia University in Manhatten.
1755:
7 year war starts in Europe.
Earthquake in Lisbon  causes Tsunami 90,000 dead.
Eddystone lighthouse destroyed by fire.
A mayor earns 15 pounds yr
baker earns 5 pounds year.
1756:
First St Patricks Day parade in New York.
Seven year war with France begins.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born.
1757:
Black hole of Calcutta. Calcutta captured.
Admiral John Byng executed by firing squad aboard HMS Monarch for breach of articles of war.
Battle of Plessey when 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeated 50,000 Indians.
1758:
Batlles this year include: Bay of Bengal (twice) , Nova Scotia, New York, Indian coast.
Halley Comet returns.
1759:
British victories at Fort Triconderosa New York and Niagara Quebec & Battle of Quiberon Bay.
1760:
first commercial canal opens in britain.
Death of George II.
George III to throne.
1761:
British capture Pondicherry.
2 earthquaqes in London.
riots are commonplace as workers do not have the right to vote or form a union.
1762:
France surrenders Canada to britain.
Britain declares war on Spain.
Britain takes Havana Cuba.
British East India Co take Manila.
1763:
War with France and American Indians ends.
Treaty of Paris ends 7 year war.
Indian chief Pontiac challenges the British at Mackinaw City to a game of lacrosse, during game the Indians hit the ball into the fort, chased after it and locked the British out of their fort. Recaptured two months later at Battle of Bushy Run.
1764:
considered start of The Industrial Revolution.
John Wilkes expelled from House of Commons for sedicious libel.
1765:
Stamp Act intorduced, direct tax on American colonies to be paid to Britain to cover the cost of war in America.
Isle of Man incorporated into United Kingdom.
curate earns 40 pounds per year.
head gardener 38 pounds + Lodging.
1766:
Bonnie Prince Charlie becomes the Stuart claimant to the  British throne.
Stamp Act repealed due to reaction from America.
1767:
Daniel Boone explores the Cumberland Gap & reaches Kentucky.
First whalers reach Antartic.
1768:
First purchase tax introduced on common products.
John Wilkes imprisoned for critism of king.
1769:
famine in Bengal kills 10 million people. British East India Co insist their production levels must not fall.
Captain Cook on HMS Endeavour arrives Tahiti.
lightning hits church in Italy causing fire which reaches 200,000 lb gunpowder store and blew up 1/6 city of Brescia, as a result the Roman Catholic Church reversed its objection to lightning rods.
1770:
Boston Massacre-5 Americans killed by British Troops, event hastened War of Independance.
14yr old Marie Antoinette married 15 yr old Louis, later Louis XIV, fireworks at wedding caused fire killing 800.
Captain Cook claims East coast of New Holland (Australia).
1771:
Spain cedes Falkland Islands to Britain.
first water-wheel powered textile mill.
labourer earns 3.5 pounds year
apprentice baker 5 new pence\week.
1772:
servant earns 6.3 pounds\year
1773:
Captain Cook first to cross the Antartic circle.
British East India Co given monopoly of tea trade with American colonies.
experiments using chlorine as a disinfectant.
1774:
The Quartering Act states that American colonists must open their homes to British soldiers.
The first year that "Liberty" appers on american flag.
1775:
Parliament declares Massachusetts to be in rebellion, govenor ordered to quell with an iron hand.
Revolutionary war starts, "the shots heard around the World", george Washington appointed commander in chief of Continental Army.
Execution in Germany for witchcraft.
1776:
American declaration of  Independance on July 4th.
British troops lave Boston
1777:
44% of children in Britain died before their 5th birthday.
Washington defeats Cornwallis at Battle of Princeton.
Stars & Stripes adopted.
1778:
Captain Cook reaches Hawaii names them Sandwich Islands.
France recognises American independance and declares war on Britain.
France opens first state controlled brothel.
three day riot in London
1779:
First all Iron Bridge built over River Severn in Shropshire.
1780:
First Sunday newspaper: British Gazette & Sunday Monitor
First Epsom Derby.
1781:
Pitt the younger enters Parliament
planet Uranus discovered by Herschel.
Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown ending the armed struggle of American Rev War.
1782:
Spain takes Minorca from Britain.
preliminary peace accord reached in Paris for American Independance.
British loyalists forced to leave America, some go to Bahamas.
Treaty of Versaille ends war with France.
1784:
John Wesley charters The Methodist Church.
Ben Franklin invents bifocals
1785:
First edition of Daily Universal Register later changed to The
Times.
steam engine powered looms caused boom in textile industry.
1786:
first convict ship leaves for Botany Bay with 820 convicts

1787:
11 convict ships leave for Australia.
1788:
Colonisation of New South Wales and Australia.
1789:
Start of the French Revolution
1790:
First purpose built lifeboat launched River Tyne.
First Methodist chapel opened in Bristol.
1791:
THe "Observer" first published
1792: start of French Revolution. Louis XIV in custody.
1793:
Louis XIV executed by guillotine, followed by Marie Antoinette
War with France. 10,000 british soldiers in Flanders.
1794:
cotton gin patented.
Nelson loses an eye at Calvi Corsica.
Britain declares war on France.
1796:
carpenter/bricklayer earns 7 new pence per day.
farm labourer earns 5 new pence per day + drink
mower @ harvest-time 7.5 pence per day + drink.
women @ harvest-time 2 pence per day+ drink
1798:
hoeing earns 30 new pence per acre.
head farm hand 10 pounds\ year.second farmhand 7 pounds \yr
1800:
dairymaid earns 3-5 pounds\yr
1801:
20% popultaion live in town (see 1851)
1802:
factory act: apprentices max 12 hrs \day  6 days\week
1803:
Napolean planning to invade England.
1804:
Sargeant in volunteers 7.5 pence\day
1805:
Battle of Trafalgar won by British but Lord Nelson killed.
1806:
1807:
1808:
British troops attack French in Portugal
1809:
British troops attack french in antwerp
1810:
coachman earns 15 pounds \yr + lodgings
1811:
Riots. workers smash machines  which they believe cause unemployment.
1812:
French driven out of Spain, Portugal & Germany.
War of 1812, america at war with England & Canada.
In cotton mills 8% of workforce were UNDER  11 yrs old. 30% were aged 11 to 16.
Prime Minister assassinated.
1814:
British burn Washington DC.
depression due to cost of wars in Europe and America
1815:
Napolean defeated at Waterloo and sent to St Helena.
Corn Laws introduced with very severe effect on the poor.
1817:
labourer earns 8 pounds\yr + Board & lodging
1820: 
GeorgeIV crowned.
53% of children died before their 5th birthday.
Cato St Conspiracy plan to kill parliamentary cabinet. All conspirators hanged.
1822:
Over 200 offences carry death penalty.
1825:
9000 a year emigrating to America.
400 a year emigrating to Australia.
1826:
school master earns 100 pounds\yr
1828:
Catholics allowed to hold office incl MP
Stockton to Darlington railway opens.
1829:
Robert Peel starts police force.  "peelers" & "bobbies"
1830:
William IV crowned
factory wages:
under 11 yrs ......2s 3p per week
11-16.................4s 1p per week
17-21.................10s 2p per week
32-36  (max)......22s 8p per week
32-36 (women)....9s  8p  per week
Reform Act, until now towns like Birmingham & Manchester dont have any MPs.
1831:
Farm riots workers smash machines, 4 hanged, 50 transported.
1832:
cholera outbreaks due to streets not paved, overcrowding, overflowing cess pits draing into water wells.
1833:
Factory Act: defined the working day as 5.30am to 8.30pm with 9-13 yr olds max 9 hrs\day and no nights. 13-18 max 12 hrs\day less 1.5 hrs breaks. Same for females
1834:
Six Dorset farm labourers sentanced to be transported to a penal colony for trying to form a trade union.. The Tolpuddle Martyers.
Slavery abolished.
Poor Law Amendment Act passed: No able bodied British man can receive assistance unless he enters a workhouse.
British east India Company loses its monopoly to trade with China.
patent for Handsome Cab.
patent for sandpaper.
Gottlieb Daimler born.
1835:
Charles Darwin arrive in Galapogas Islands on HMS Beagle
First commercial railway in Europe opens  in Belgium.
Municipal Corporation Act introduced the idea of a national police force.
1836:
Charles Darwin arrives Falmouth.
Bristol Riots, large crowds protest the defeat of the reform act, over 100 houses burnt, including the Bishops Castle, Customs House,, Mansion House and release prisoners. Dragoons quell riots and 100s die.
A bristol Police force started.
1837:
Rowland Hill heads a commission investigating the idea of puuting a bit of paper on letters to indicate postage has been paid.
death of King William IV.
Queen Victoria crowned.
1838:
Samuel Morse demonstrates electric telegraph.
Start of British- Afghan war
Start of steamship atlantic service.
1839:
First commercial electric telegraph system between West Drayton & Paddington.
British East India Company capture Aden.
mason earns 75-80 new pence\week
blacksmith/carpenter/plasterer earns 75 pence per week
1840:
Penny post introduced , teh penny black.
Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.
RMS "Brittania" a Cunard paddlesteamer starts service from Liverpool to Nova Scocia.
Britain invades Beirut.
Third of Irish population depend on the potato for their survival.
1841:
British troops invade & annexe Hong Kong.
first British census on 7th June
1842:
patent for sewing machine.
First serious train crash in Paris, 59 dead.
min age in a mine now 10
1843:
SS Great Britain launched in Bristol.
First tunnel under The Thames.
Charles Dickens publishes Christmas Carol.
1844:
YMCA formed in London.
Fleet prison for debtors abolished.
safety match invented.
Factory Act: age 8-13 max 6.5 hrs/day.  13+ max 12hrs\day for 5 days + 9 hrs saturday.
1845:
Third of Irish potato crop destroyed by blight.
1846:
Potato blight in Ireland ruins 2/3 of crop causing famine
1847:
Factory Act.  max 63 hrs\week
1848:
Factory Act.. max 58 hrs\week
5,000 miles of railway track.
Public Health Act. towns able to demand all new houses have drains & lavatories & provide refuse collection.
1849:
250,000 a year emigrating to America. 19000 a year  emigrating to Australia.
cost of passage to America  from 3 pounds 10 shillings to 5 pounds.
Ships provided 1 lb flour, 5lb oatmeal, 2lb rice, 2oz tea, 1/2 lb sugar, 1/2lb mollases per passenger for entire voyage
1851:
Second British census on 30th
march
50% of population live in towns.
1853:
Sir Richard Burton disguises as a muslim & visits Mecca. First known christian to do so.
1854:
Start of Crimean War
1855:
David Livingstone discovers & names Victoria Falls.  "Smoke that Thunders"
80% of American emigrants are from Ireland.
estimated that over 1 million pounds is sent each year from emigrants to their UK families.
1856:
Law passed that all counties must establish a police force. Sir Robert Peel origin of the terms peelers and bobbies.
1860:
sewers being installed to remove waste.
1861:
Third british census on 8th April
1881:
Fourth British census
1867:
most workers in towns given vote.
1870:
Piped water to homes.
1871:
Bank Holidays, skilled workers to get 1 weeks paid vacation per year.
Trade Unions now legal
1872:
voting made secret.
1877:
Victoria crowned Empress of India.
1885:
schoolmaster earns 180 pounds/year
1889:
London dock strike for 6 pence per hour.  (2.5 modern pence/hr)
1890:
stitching gloves at home 25 pence / dozen pair.
1891:
minimum working age raised from 10 to 11
Fifth British census
1900:
farm worker74 pence/week
1901:
Queen Victoria Dies

Last published British census

      Events of the Time

Where currency is quoted the old guinea, pounds, shillings and pence have been converted to modern decimal pounds.

The Pool Family

Joseph Pool
Laura Maud M Richards
married
Alice Mary Pool
Joseph Amesbury
married
Walter B Pool
Frederick Pool
Edith Ralph
married
To follow Joseph & Alice's family go to Amesbury 1 then look in the name index
John Pool
Edith Pool  (cousin?)
married 1
Joseph Pool
Edith Pool
John Pool
Benjamin Pool
Elizabeth Graham
married
John Poole
Ann Skelton
married
William
Thomas Poole
Frances Ann Poole
Ellen Elizabeth Poole
Sara Emma Poole
Agnes Shelton Poole
Edward John Poole
Georgiana Poole
Cecelia Eliza Poole
George Harwood Poole
To return to top of this page
To return to top of this page
Click to follow Alice's life forward
St Marys Church Woodchester
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Samuel J  Pool
Edith A  Pool
Alice Mary Pool
Return to Home page
Edith Pool
Jemima
married
William  Thomas Pool
Jemima
married
Charlotte Pool
Joseph Pool
Naomi Pool
William Evans
married
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Saxey Pool
Sexey Pool
Joseph Pool
married
John Pool
Marmaduke Pool
b>To return to top of this page
Pool Amelia Kingswood 24 Feb 1861 75 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Ann Longwell Grn 15 Oct 1848 21 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Ann Mangotsfield 2 Aug 1821 66 Mangotsfield
Pool Anne Kingswood Hill 20 Feb 1827 5mths Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Daniel Two Mile Hill 16 Nov 1852 83 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Edgar Alveston 9 Mar 1843 2 Alveston
Pool Eliza Kingswood Hill 9 Jan 1845 32 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Elizabeth Alveston 16 Feb 1840 3 mths Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Elizabeth Potters Wood 10 Apr 1849 94 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool George Westerleigh 29 Mar 1815 26 Alveston
Pool Hannah Mangotsfield 22 Jan 1815 74 Mangotsfield
Pool James Mangotsfield 10 Mar 1818 2 Mangotsfield
Pool James Mangotsfield 15 Oct 1820 72 Mangotsfield
Pool James Westerleigh 9 Feb 1847 63 Westerleigh
Pool Jane Mangotsfield 30 Nov 1813 infant Mangotsfield
Pool John Cockshott Heath 2 Apr 1813 45 Holy Trinity Kingswood
Pool Joseph Mangotsfield 9 Sep 1819 i Mangotsfield
Pool Joseph Disham 24 Jan 1840 30 St Marys Olveston
Pool Martha Alveston 10 Apr 1866 92 Alveston
Pool Mary Oldland 20 Jun 1813 40 Bitton
Pool Mary St Philips Bristol 23 Jul 1844 63 Alveston
Pool Mary Mangotsfield 22 Apr 1866 81 Westerleigh
Pool Ruth Westerleigh 2 Jul 1843 23 Westerleigh
Pool Sarah Mangotsfield 19 Nov 1830 80 Mangotsfield
Pool Sarah Soundwell 23 Jul 1821 infant  
Pool Sarah Staple Hill 11 Jul 1844 84 Mangotsfield
Pool Susan Mangotsfield 14 Jul 1820 9 mths Mangotsfield
Pool William Iron Acton 11 Mar 1854 74 Iron Acton
Pool William Kingswood 19 Dec 1815 75 Bitton
           
List of POOL's with burial dates and locations and age at death (from bafhs.org.uk website)
Name Index.  Section 1 by last name.  Section 2 for Pools by first name.......................................................................................
A:  Hester Allen, Amesbury, B: Beard,  C: Collins, D:Dudden,   E: Evans, F:  G: Graham, H:Hunt, I: J: Jobson,  K: L: M: N: O: P: Perkins , Q: RRalph, Richards, S: Jane Sparks, Skelton, T,U,V, W : Ann Weeks, Wheeler, Withey,


A Agnes S (1833),Alice Mary (1875), Ann 1771, Ann 1780,

C Cecelia (1839), Charlotte (1849),

E Edith 1821, Edith (1846), Edith (1881),Edward J (1835)Ellen E            (1830), Ellen Selma 1868, Edward W 1870, Emily Ann 1864,           Edith 1818, Emily A 1864,

G George H (1842),Georgiana (1836),

I

K

M Marmaduke 1811, Mary A 1838, Mary 1816, Mary 1793,

O

Q

S Samuel 1771, Samuel (1879), Sara E (1831), Sexey 1761,
  Sexey 1797, sexey 1802,

U

W Walter B (1875), Walter F 1866,William (1827), William 1863,
   William 1762,   William 1787, William 1846, William 1810,

Y
Name Index.  Section 1 by last name.  Section 2 for Pools by first name.......................................................................................
B Benjamin (1850),,

D

F Frances A (1829), Frederick (1876),

H Hanah 1797, Hester 1806, Hannah 1801,

J James 1773,  Joel 1779, John (1847), Joseph (1845), Joseph (1852),

  John 1806, Joseph 1800?, John 1799, John M 1770?, John 1793,
L

N Nancy 1804, Neomi 1856,

P

RRobert T 1870,

TThomas 1846, Thomas 1814,

V

X

Z
Edith ?
married 1
Thomas Jobson
married
Frederick Perkins
married
Mary Ann Poole
Thomas william Skelton
married
Frederick J Skelton
William Poole
Jane Wheeler
married
Ellen Selma Poole
Edward William Poole
Edith Pool
Ann Read Collins
married
Thomas Pool
Sophia Jane
married
Thomas Pool
Sophia Jane
married
William Pool
Emily Ann Pool
Walter Frank Pool
Robert Thomas Pool
Horfield Church
Sexey Pool
Nancy Pool
Hester Pool
Wiliam Pool
Thomas Pool
Mary Pool
Ann Skelton
John Pool
married 2
I have the following information on Pools who lived in the Cameley/ Dundry area. So far I have not been able to fit them into the family that I am tracing
John Marmaduke Pool
married 1
Hester Allen
married 2
Jane Sparks
Saxay Pool
Hannah Pool
Carey Withey
married
Sexey Pool
married
Joseph Dudden
married
married 3
Ann Weeks
Mary Pool
John Pool
Hanah Pool
William Pool
Samuel Pool
James Pool
Joel Pool
Ann Pool
Sexey Pool
Joseph Pool
married
John Beard
married
Anne Pool
Laura Maud Richards
married
Nephew James Richards nephew, with the Pool family in 1901
problem:  Birth date after mothers death???
Mary Hunt
married
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